1565 - Pedro Menendez de Aviles founds St. Augustine. Free and enslaved Africans are part of his colonial expedition and become a constant component of St. Augustine society.
1606 - First recorded birth of an African American child in the St. Augustine Catholic parish records.
1670 - English colonists settle Carolina, bringing African slaves with them. Throughout he seventeenth and eighteenth centuries English colonists import Africans and also capture Native Americans, impressing them into slavery. Many Native Americans are shipped as slaves to the Caribbean.
1683 - First free African American militia formed by the Spanish Governor of Florida to help defend Florida against English encroachment.
1686 - A Spanish raiding party form Florida, including 53 Native Americans and African Americans, attack the Carolina colony, carrying away booty, money and slaves.
1687 - First recorded escaped slave enter St. Augustine, eight men, two women and a three year old nursing child. Florida governor refuses to return them to Carolina and puts the men to work on the Castillo de San Marcos for wages. Runaway African Americans accept the Catholic faith.
1693 - King Charles II of Spain approves official sanctuary for runaway foreign slaves.
1702 - Col. James Moore of Carolina attacks and burns St. Augustine. Residents including African Americans, take refuge in the fort and Moore fails to capture the town. Many Native Americans from outlying missions and villages are taken into slavery by the English.
1708 - Africans now outnumber Europeans in the Carolina colony. African slave revolts occur in 1711 and 1714. Many slaves join the Yamasee (a Carolina Native American tribe) in their war against the English in 1715.
1726 - African militia reconstituted in Spanish Florida under the command of Francisco Menendez. This group participates in the defense of St. Augustine in 1728 and in attacks on the Carolina province.
1733 - Royal edict reiterates freedom for Africans who reach Florida from Carolina. Requirements for freedom were conversion to Catholicism, loyalty to the Spanish Crown and service in the militia in defense of Spanish Florida..
1738 - Gracia Real de Santa Teresa de Mose (Fort Mose) is established by Spanish Florida Governor, Manuel Montiano for free Africans living in Saint Augustine. In establishing Fort Mose, Governor Montiano also granted Francisco Menendez and his militiamen their freedom. The settlement included a four-sided fort, houses and fields. Fort Mose became the northern defense post for St. Augustine at the juncture of strategic trails leading north and west of Saint Augustine.
1740 - General James Oglethorpe of Georgia attacks St. Augustine and Fort Mose is abandoned by the Spanish. Mose militia men fight bravely in defense of St. Augustine and recapture their town at the Battle of Bloody Mose on June 26, 1740. This battle is a key turning point and Oglethorpe retreats.
1740-1752 - Mose residents lived in St. Augustine, their numbers increased by further runaways. Mose militia distinguish themselves in skirmishes with British colonists in the South Carolina and Georgia.
1752 - Fort Mose re-established and expanded. In 1759 it contained twenty-two households of sixty-seven people.
1763 - The site is abandoned when the British take possession of Florida. The residents of Mose evacuate to Cuba and form a new town, Ceiba Mocha, Matanzas province. No evidence that any of the former residents returned to Florida when it once again became a Spanish colony in 1783 after the end of the American Revolutionary War.
1790 – Under pressure from Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson of the newly established United States of America, the Spanish government rescinds the century old policy of sanctuary in Florida for runaway slaves.
1812 – The Black Militia instrumental in defeating and repealing the American force from Georgia during the Patriot War.
1821 – The United States acquires Florida from Spain and Florida becomes a Union Territory. Most free Blacks either leave Florida for Spanish territories elsewhere or flee into the interior to become known as Black Seminoles.
1987 and 1988 - The location of Fort Mose reestablished through archeological (Dr. Kathleen Deagan) and documentary (Dr. Jane Landers) research.
1989 - The site of Fort Mose (23 acres) is purchased by the State of Florida.
1994 - Fort Mose is given national Landmark status, the highest designation of national site significance, by the U. S. Department of the Interior.
1996 – Fort Mose Historical Society formed
2005 – Fort Mose Historical Society becomes the Citizen Support Organization for Fort Mose Historic State Park
2008 – Visitors Center and Museum opens at Fort Mose Historic State Park with temporary exhibits
2009 – The Fort Mose Historical Society in partnership with the Fort Mose Historic State Park and Florida Living History launches the living history program at Mose with the re-enactment of “Flight to Freedom” in February 2009.
2010 – The living history program known as the Experience Fort Mose – the Birth Place of Freedom holds the first ever re-enactment of the “Battle of Bloody Mose” in June 2010.
2011 – Temporary exhibit in the museum replaced with multi-media and interactive displays and artifacts.
2013 – The first Annual Fort Mose Historical Society Golf Tournament held at Marsh Creek Country Club. The annual golf tournament has become the major fund raising event of the Society in support of Fort Mose Historic State Park ever since. The tournament is held annually on the first Saturday in June.
2014 – The Fort Mose Historical Society awarded Outstanding Special Event of the Year for the Battle of Bloody Mose in 2013 by the Friends of Florida State Parks.
2014 – The National Park Service’s Castillo de San Marcos and Fort Matanzas National Monuments and the Florida Park Service’s Fort Mose Historic State Park sign a Memorandum of Understanding in September to cooperate in the provision of shared goals in providing historical, educational and recreational opportunities to further the interpretation of the history of St. Augustine’s founding.
2015 – The Experience Fort Mose – the Birth Place of Freedom revised to include four annual events: Flight to Freedom in February, the Commemoration of Fort Mose’s Founding in March, the Battle of Bloody Mose in June and Harvest Time at Mose in November.
2016 – The Fort Mose Historical Society is recipient of a $1,000 Diversity and Inclusion Award from the Florida Department of State’s Division of Cultural Affairs and the Citizens for Florida Arts, Inc, for Flight to Freedom 2015.
2016 – With assistance from Dr. Kathleen Deagan sketches of a representation of the 1738 fortification at Mose developed using research findings from archaeological and historical documents. The architectural firm of Stephen McCullar Registered Architects prepares preliminary architectural drawings which are submitted to the Department of Environmental Protection’s Florida Park Service and the Department of State’s Division of Historical Resources for review and approval. Final approval from the Division of Historical Resources received in December 2016.
2016 – The Fort Mose Historical Society in partnership with the Castillo de San Marcos holds the first Castillo by Candlelight – Flight to Freedom at the Castillo in February.
2017 – The Fort Mose Historical Society is recipient of a $1,000 Diversity and Inclusion Award from the Florida Department of State’s Division of Cultural Affairs and Citizens for Florida Arts, Inc, for Battle of Bloody Mose 2016.
2017 – The Fort Mose Historical Society and the Castillo de San Marcos hold the second annual Castillo by Candlelight – the Mose Story at the Castillo in February. This event has become a part of the annual Castillo by Candlelight Program at the Castillo.